Edward Lhuyd'sArchaeologia Britannicaeffectively marks the discovery of the Celtic languages and the founding of CelticStudies. First published in 1707, this was a groundbreaking workin comparative philology, the result of first-hand study of theCeltic languages and an epic four-year journey through thecountries where they were spoken. To celebrate the volume's 300th anniversary, Lhuyd's sectionalprefaces are republished (alongside translations when these arenot in English), together with other documents which elucidatethe Archaeologia's genesis and reception. Lhuyd's work is placedin its historical context in the introduction and a selectbibliography is appended.